For long-coated dogs, finding problems on your dog’s skin might be a hard thing to do since you might not spot it right away. Through careful observation, you might have spotted these crusty scabs on your dog’s skin and wondered about the causes and solutions to this skin problem.
Picture of Crusty Scab on Dog’s Skin
Causes of Crusty Scabs on Dog Skin
There might be several causes related to this skin problem, and in the list down below, I have tried to cover the general causes of crusty scabs. Overall, there are six different categories, and in those sections, I have added specific reasons that you need to watch out for.
Skin problems related to allergies can lead to sores, rashes, and scabs on your dog’s skin. If your dog has allergies to pollen or to some other factors, the affected skin will lead to excessive itching and licking, which in turn leads to bloody sores and crusty scabs.
2. Parasitic Insects
Similar to humans, parasitic insects can find refuge in your dog’s skin through outside contact. External parasites (Ticks, Fleas, Mites) can cause crusty scabs on your dog’s skin through their bites. After finishing their meal, the leftover spots will lead to sores that can lead to blood scabs.
3. Skin Infections
The crusty scabs on dog skin can be caused by fungal infections or bacterial infections. Due to humid conditions or dry weather, yeast infections can occur through fungal growth, and bacterial infections can set in if a wound is left untreated for a long time.
4. Skin Tumors
In its beginning stage, cancerous tumors can bleed out, which can look like blood scabs. Due to the repeated process, tumors can look like wounds to an untrained eye. After the wound had healed up, the tumors are again disguised as crusty scabs, which can reopen time and time again.
5. External Factors
Due to stress, poor nutrition, and illness, inflamed skin patches can occur, which can turn for worse, resulting in sores and crusty scabs. Poor nutrition and illness can be determined by the veterinarian, but stress is somewhat a difficult factor to diagnose.
6. Genetic Disorder
Sometimes, crusty scabs can be caused by genetic problems such as hereditary skin diseases, hormonal disorders, and immune disorders. These skin problems can lead to red rashes or spots that can look like crusty scabs on the outside.
Scabs and Scars on Dog’s Skin
Solutions to Crusty Scabs on Dog Skin
There are two type of solution to this skin condition, and the first one is an accurate diagnosis of a vet, which is also the best solution. Second, you can either try to figure out the cause of those crusty scabs on your own and buy a product that can help with that particular solution.
1. Accurate Diagnosis From a Vet
Figuring out the cause of the problem is the best way to obtain your solution. In order to do that, you need to ask someone who is a professional in the pet industry, your nearby veterinarian. If the solution from your vet doesn’t work, consulting a veterinary dermatologist might be a better idea.
- Allergy Testing: Test for potential skin allergies
- Physical Examination: Examination for parasites
- Skin Scraping: Test for microscopic mites and scabies
- Culture Testing: Test for fungal and bacterial infection
- Skin Biospy: Test for final analysis
The methods listed above are few examples that your vet should do if they can’t figure out the problem straight-off. If the vet is assiging a general medication without figuring out the cause, you probably should look for a new veterinarian since the general treatment might make things worse.
2. Self Diagnosis With Help
Even though this method is not recommended, you might not be in a situation to go a nearby vet for help. If that is you, you need to throughly research online to find out the cause behind all those symptoms, and buy necessary materials to get your solution.
Product for Allergy Treatment
In order to stop the itching, scratching, and licking, Zesty Paws has formulated a supplement exclusively for dog’s health. Made with natural ingredients, fish oil, prebiotic, and probiotic complexes, these grain-free soft chews are one of the best at solving allergy-related problems.
Products for Parasitic Pests
The product listed above is topical treatment (medication to apply on skin) for parasitic insects such as ticks, fleas, and mosquitoes. Products by K9 Advantix have been thoroughly reviewed by variety of customers, and it has proven itself to be effective in many households over the years.
Being a related product in parasitic treatment, Capstar Tablet is an oral treatment for flea infestation. This product is especially great at removing parasitic eggs and larvaes, but be sure to clean up the surrounding environment to prevent further infestation.
Products for Skin Infections
For fungal and bacterial infections, you can try out the specialized shampoo by Veterinary Formula Clinical Care, which can treat parasitic infections and even fungal & bacterial infections. Formulated for dogs, the ingredients are pH balanced to accomodate your dog’s sensitive skin.
In order to further prevent fungal and bacterial growth, Curaseb has perfected a spray that can treat skin infections and hot spots. Made in the USA, this spray serves both purposes of being antifungal and antibacterial, and it is even formulated with aloe and Vitamin E.
Conclusion: Need Vet’s Advice
For treatments that are due to skin tumors, external factors, and genetic disorders, you need to schedule an appointment with the vet to figure out the cause. If you can, I would definitely encourage you to take that step since professional counseling is always recommended!
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