A bump on the eyelid of a dog can be very traumatizing to the dog especially when it is itchy and they do not know how to handle the itchy feeling. The dog will be restless and back a lot as a cry for help. Bumps on the eyelids of dogs are a sign of an infection on the eyelid or as a symptom of an underlying health condition.
Most of these infections are caused by either fungi or bacteria. Treating the infection or the health problem will make the bump on the eyelid reduce in size and eventually disappear. Once the inflammation dried up and heals it might leave a scar or not.
Different causes of bump on dog eyelid exhibit different types of and shapes of bumps. Some may be white a pus-filled while others will take the color of the skin. A bump on eyelid is likely the reason why your dog’s eye is swollen.
Pus-filled bumps are caused by bacterial infection. Treatment of these bumps is not rocket science. Your vet will diagnose the bump and prescribe the right kind of medication and dosage for your dog, then prescription may not be tied to the disease only but it also depends on the age of the dog.
Causes of Bump on Dog Eyelid
Inflammation on the eyelid may be centrally located or may appear on the edges of the eyelid. Some of these bumps on dog eyelid are painful and itchy while others may be painless. The main causes of bumps on the eyelid of dogs are bacterial or fungal.
Some can be treated using simple home remedies while most bacterial infections require to be treated with antibiotics. Ensure that you consult a vet before administering any form antibiotic.
Stye is an inflammation on the eyelid .There are two type of styes namely chalazion which forms at the centre of the eyelids and hordeolum that forms at the edges of the eyelid .The former is caused by blockage of the meibomina gland whereas the latter is caused by a bacterial infection. Styes are characterised by painful red bump on the eyelid.
Chalazion begins as a big bump but then reduces over time and forms a tiny bump at the centre of the eyelid.Since it Is not caused by bacteria it does not form abscess. It drains via the inner section of the eyelid .The fluid inside it basically oily .The main danger for chalazion is that it may press against the cornea and interfere with vision.
Hordeolum is concentrated at the edges of the eyelid.Since it is caused by bacterial infection ,the bump gets filled with pus and turns into white yellow in colour.It ruptures on its own after a few days.Once the pus drains the bump reduces in size and eventually dries out and heals.The pain also subsides as soon as the abcess is drained off.
Styes can be resolved using hot compress as a simple home remedy. The hot compress will help in hastening the drainage of the stye. We shall later discuss in depth on how to effectively use the hot compress home remedy. Oral antibiotics are ideal for the one caused by bacterial infection.
2. Allergic Blepharitis
Bump on the eyelid of a dog may be caused by allergens. Sources of allergen are diverse. Food , insect bites, chemical compounds, spores from plants and pollen grains are all potential allergens.
Allergic reactions occur when the immune system treats foreign particle in the body as harmful pathogens and fights them even though they are not a threat to the health of your dog. This reaction will come with side effects such as bump on dog eyelid fever and chills.
3. Bacterial Infection
Bad bacteria can infect the eye of your dog and cause a bump that is filled with pus. Such bumps are also known as abscess. They are painful and sore and occur on the edges of the eyelid. It is important to get the pus drained by your vet.
If you have to do it at home then get instructions from a vet and ensure you sterilize your hands as well as the infected area before and after squeezing out the pus. A warm compress will make it easier for the fluid to drain off. The doctor may recommend some antibiotics.
4. Fungal infection
Fungus are microorganisms that cause infection when they over multiply. The common type of fungus that causes bump on dog eyelid is called ringworm. It causes circular patches on the eyelid of the dog. Hair falls of the infected surface and the edges of the ring becomes crusty .Ringworms are gotten rid of using antifungal medication. Consult your vet before applying any over the counter antifungal medication on your dog’s eyelids.
5. Parasitic Infection
Parasites are organism that feed of the blood of other organisms. Mites can hide inside dog’s fur and cause infections. When mites attack the eyelids you will notice crusty bump on dog eyelid. Take your dog to get diagnosed and treated by a vet. Most of these infections may spread to other parts of the eye and even cause blindness if not treated with urgency.
6. Sebaceous Cyst on Dog Eyelid
Sebaceous cyst forms when the sebaceous glands or sebaceous ducts are blocked and damaged .The flow of sebum out of the skin through the hair follicles is hindered and a bump is formed. The swelling will contain foul smelling cheese like substances but usually does not result into any complication neither is it cancerous.
The best way to get rid of sebaceous cyst is by dubbing it with a compress on a daily basis until it drains off. It is not advisable to pop sebaceous cyst before it pops out on its own. Sebaceous cyst tends to go away on their own unless they get infected by bacteria.
When infected by bacteria they will be filled with pus and produce a foul smelling liquid. Most cysts tend to get infected upon rapture if hygiene is not observed.
Conjunctivitis refers to the swelling of the conjunctiva which the main eye is lining that protects the inner parts of the eye. This inflammation will affect the eyelids as well as the outer eye. The infected eye will turn pink and sore.
It can be caused by a virus or bacteria. Since there is no treatment for viruses, infection caused by viruses tends to resolve on their own. Those that are caused bacteria require antibiotic treatment. Once the conjunctivitis has been treated, the bump on dog eyelid will subside automatically.
8. Cuterebra Larvae
Larvae are the intermediary stage between an egg and an adult insect especially a fly. The larvae of the cuterebra fly may attach itself on your dog’s eyelid. Once a cocoon forms around it. It will look like a bump on dog eyelid once it sticks on there.
The cocoon is usually ashy with an open hole at the end that the larvae use to breath. Maintain good dog hygiene will prevent larvae from sticking on the skin of your dog. Ensure that you give your dog regular births and comb out it’s far with a brush.
Tumour or Growth on Dog Eyelid
Tumour on the eyelid of your dog maybe cancerous or non-cancerous. It may be difficult to distinguish between the cancerous and non-cancerous growth because some of these harmful growth begin as harmless growth and turn out to be disastrous if not treated in good time.
This is why it is important to bring any bump on dog eyelid to the attention of a professional veterinarian. We shall discuss some of these of these growths in details .Below is an in-depth analysis of benign and malignant growths that are likely to occur on the eyelids of your dog.
Benign or non- cancerous growths
These growths do not pose any significant threat to the health of your pet. Although, they maybe be uncomfortable on the eyelids .and sometimes go away other own.
1. Squamous Papilloma
The condition exhibit features such as raised bum bump. Warts on dogs are common in puppies and old dogs although they can also cut across the board. You should not that these squamous papilloma are not related to the papilloma virus. Unlike other benign cells these one have a minimal chance of turning cancerous. They are treated via surgery.
These are soft bumps under the skin that are movable by a finger. You can feel them under the skin as you push them back and forth with your fingers. They pose no threat to the health of your dog. They may only be removed if they are blocking your dog’s vision by covering the eyelids. However, some malignant growths start out as lipoma and end up being harmful. So just ensure that your vet verifies the status of the lipoma.
3. Benign Melanocytoma
They affect the melanocytes which are responsible for producing melanin. These bumps are darker than the surrounding skin. They’re treated via surgery. Your vet needs to keep monitoring these tumours to ensure that they do not turn cancerous. Permanently removing them is the best alternative.
Malignant or cancerous growths
Malignant growths are dangerous and a health risk. They should be treated as soon as they are detected. It is quite unfortunate that these growths pose as normal benign growth but overtime turn out to be cancerous. This is why you are advised to not overlook any bump on dog eyelid. Be alarmed by any growth whether it takes the colour of the surrounding skin cover of the eyelid or not. The following are elaborations on some malignant growths that may develop on the eyelid of your dog.
1. Mastocytomas or Mast cell tumors
Mastocytomas are characterised by rapid growth on the skin. They are red in colour and very itch. They look like allergy rashes. Just like allergens, they contain histamine hence the itchy feeling. Unfortunately, histamine triggers s the stomach to produce more stomach acids and results into gastrointestinal ulcers.
Mast cell tumours are treated via surgery; there are certain breeds of dogs that are more susceptible to this type of tumor. They include; pugs, French bulldogs and Chinese shar –peis. In fact Chinese shar-peis are the most vulnerable. Mastocytomas that develop on them are more aggressive as compared to other dog breeds highlighted above.
2. Malignant Melanomas
They are cancerous bump that are darker in colour as compare to the surrounding skin. They are fatal since they will spread to other vital organs of the body such as liver, lungs and lymph nodes. Melanomas are treated by a method that combines radiotherapy, surgery and immunotherapy. Chemotherapy is not reliable in treating cancerous cells in dogs. The cells need to be gotten rid of by surgery.
3. Sebaceous Carcinoma
These are malignant tumours that grow on the sebaceous glands and sweat glands. They appear as solid and firm bump on dog eyelid. However, they may spread to other parts of the skin. They are treated by a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. If they spread to the lymph nodes then the lymph nodes have to be drained and treated using radiotherapy.
4. Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinomas are more common in middle aged dogs. They start out as benign cells and turn out to be cancerous. They develop on the uppermost layer of the skin. They are characterising by raised hairless bump on the skin. However, the cancerous ones are relatively flat as compared to the benign basal cells.
They are treated by surgical removal of the growth. These bumps will turn into ulcers if left on the skin for long. Unlike malignant melanomas these cells do not spread to other organs of the body.
According to dogtime.com “Basal cell carcinomas in dogs are sometimes treated with cryosurgery where they are frozen off with liquid nitrogen, though this is only the case from very small tumors that are less than a centimetre in diameter. More often, the tumor is removed with surgery.”
Can I Get Rid of Bump on dog eyelid at Home?
Most of the bump on dog eyelid is best treated at the clinic by a professional vet. It is not advisable to pop or squeeze any bump on dog eyelid. You may end up doing more harm than good. Fungal and bacterial infections may spread further if not handled with care.
The best home remedy you can give your dog before you get to visit a veterinarian is a warm compress. You should hold a warm compress against the bump for a few minutes thrice a day. This will help in reducing the inflammation and relive pain and pressure in the bump. Another option is to buy over the counter artificial tears and splash it over your dog’s eye.
I final reminder, seek appropriate treatment for your dog or medical advice whenever you notice any bump on their eyelid or any other parts of the body. Bleeding bumps should be treated as emergencies. Take care of your dog and it will take care of you.